| WP1: Governance and Planning |


Work Package (WP) 1 will analyse the governance and planning processes that have underpinned access to housing and space in Lima and Ahmedabad over time. A longitudinal analysis of such processes is key to understanding current urban form, as well as patterns of energy access and associated practices. It will also enable an understanding of the relationship between decision-making processes and typologies of the off-grid settlements across the two cities.

WP1 aims to answer the following research questions:
  • How is low-income housing governed across levels and spatial scales, and with what implications for informal settlements?
  • How is the energy sector governed across levels and spatial scales, and with what consequences for energy access and use in Lima and Ahmedabad?
  • How and where do energy and housing intersect to influence inequalities in the different settlements?
  • What commonalities and differences are there between the two cities and what learnings can be shared?


WP1 will draw on analysis of key documents, including past and current planning and housing policies, cadastral maps, relevant academic and grey literature, and websites of relevant organisations. We will supplement this analysis with 8-10 expert interviews with (energy) planners, academics and national and local government. This will provide an understanding of how the off-grid has developed over time in Lima and Ahmedabad, and the role of policy and planning in shaping the relationships between the on- and off-grid city.

WP1 Team

Julia is a Lecturer in Energy, Resources and Development at the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources. Her research advances understanding of the human and political dimensions of energy and resource use in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Her work engages with research users from policy, academic and industry, and examines the practical and policy mechanisms that can advance sustainable development. She draws on a range of social science theories and methods in her research and regards her experience and outlook as truly interdisciplinary. She is a member and co-founder of the UCL Energy and Development Group and has published more than 20 papers in a range of leading peer-reviewed journals, including Nature Energy, the Lancet, and Energy Policy.
Architect, urban planner, and environmentalist with decentralist approach, IPCC AR6 lead author, chapter 12th. Doctorand at Amsterdam University, dissertation onKnowledge building in Metropolitan Water Governance in cities facing climate change, master’s in real estate management and construction (UPM, Madrid) with several postgraduate courses abroad. Lecturer and invited master’s teacher at several Universities in Peru and abroad. Founder and Executive Director of Cities for Life Foro inter-institutional network and Coordinator of the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy in Peru. Consultant of national and international organisations. Former Principal Advisor of the Environmental Commission and Indigenous Communities in the Congress of Peru.

Published 5 books, 15 peer review (mainly English) articles, 12 book chapters and writes a monthly article at a governmental journal in Peru since 2014. Being a civil society activist uses mass media, journals, and social networks regularly. She is engaged in world-wide conferences, such as the Conference of the Parties (UNFCC), UNCSD – Rio + 20 and World Urban Forum and Habitat. Ashoka Fellow and Avina Leader with several other recognitions for her trajectory and policy development impact.
Richard is a freelance architect with a Master of Advanced Studies in Architecture and Sustainable Development at the EPFL in the LESO-PB (Switzerland), the UC Louvain-La-Neuve (Belgium) and the Ecole d’Architecture de Toulouse (France). His experience includes the development of projects, research, patents and consultancies on sustainability, architecture and urban planning. He is founder of SUNARCH E.I.R.L. company dedicated to sustainable development and solar energy projects. With 7 years of experience as a consultant for the Cities for Life Forum (FCPV) and 15 years of teaching experience in various faculties of architecture in the city of Lima, in courses such as design workshop, environment, building physics, sustainable urban development among others. He is co-author of the book “Peru towards the sustainable construction in climate change scenarios” (2015).
Asha Joshi is working as Administrative Manager, Centre for Advanced Studies in Building Science and Energy (CARBSE), CEPT Research and Development Foundation, Ahmedabad. She holds experience of 19 years of which five years in industry and more than seventeen years in research, academics and non-governmental sector.She holds a Doctorate in Law and has done post-graduation in Environmental Law and International Legal Order from Gujarat University and post-graduation in commerce and business administration from Saurashtra University. She has double graduation in the field of law and commerce and business administration from Saurashtra University. She ensures about the organisation’s regulatory/legal requirements for Quality Management System conforms to customer for characterisation facilities ensuring evaluation of and reporting on, vendor quality systems. She owes to her credit eight edited books and more than twenty-five conference papers, book chapters and research papers. Her areas of interest include environmental, socio-economic, enviro-legal and socio-legal aspects.
Palak Patel is a Research Associate at Centre for Advanced Research in Building Science and Energy (CARBSE), CEPT University. She completed her Master’s degree in urban planning with a specialisation in urban infrastructure.She holds a bachelor’s degree in architecture and hasexperience of one and a half years in the field of architecture. As a part of her post-graduation thesis, she worked on the Directed Research Project of “Assessing the building level energy consumption for the water services” as a part of the iNumber project.The project is based on the city of Ahmedabad and focused on measuring the electricity consumption for the water supply of residential typologies, further assessing it with various urban parameters. Her area of interest includes research on sustainable and climate responsive solutions.